Whiplash injury is a common neck injury caused by sudden acceleration and deceleration that can be caused by car accidents, falls, or direct trauma seen in contact sports. The sudden back and forth movements cause neck jerking which forces the neck beyond its normal range of motion. This can injure the vertebrae, supporting ligaments, joints, and muscles in the neck.
Symptoms may either occur immediately after the injury or several days later. Common symptoms include pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulders, and upper back, and may also be associated with headache, dizziness, and burning sensations.
Conservative treatment includes rest, medication, physical therapy, and trigger point injections.